Say what people use direct and reported speech for
Read the dialogue between the members of a football fan's family.Find the sentences with reported speech. Mum: Good morning, dear. Good morning. What's the matter? Mark: Dad says that he's lost his voice. Mum: He has lost his voice! He can't. It must be ajoke. Come on, dear. Don't joke. Mark: He says it isn't a joke. He has really lost his voice. Mum: I’ll make a nice cup oftea. You'll soon get your voice back. Susan: How did you lose your voice, Dad? Mark: He says he went to the football match last night. Susan: And you shouted so much you lost your voice. Mark: Yes, he shouted so much he lost his voice. Susan: Did you win? Mark: No, they lost. Mum: Here is a nice cup oftea. Would you like something to eat? Mark: He says he would like some toast with honey. Susan: Why honey, Mum? Mum: Because honey is good for your throat.
We use reported speech when we are saying what other people say, think or believe. I’m tired!’, Helen said. Helen said (that) she was tired.
When we are reporting things in the present, future or present perfect we don't change the tense. He thinks he loves her. I'll tell her you are coming. He has said he'll do it.
If the verb in the main sentence is in the past tense - the other verbs are usually in one of the past tense too.
Tense Changes. Statements.
Reported changes. Modal Verbs can could might may Had been able to had to must have to was/ were to be to NOTE: modal verbs - could, would, might and should do not change
the day after tomorrow then now those these that this two days later, in two days’ time that day today yesterday the day before ago before next year the following year the previous week here last week there the next day tomorrow Changes of time words
Changes of pronouns
Grammar Practice Change into Reported Speech “We may buy a car next year” said my grandpa. “I like travelling from time to time” says my cousin. “It will be rain today” said the farmer. “Sharon is going to come here tomorrow” her mother said to me. “I don’t feel lonely thanks to the books I love” says Margaret. “It’s really amazing to read CD books” says Andy. “You must take your medicine twice a day” said a doctor.
Grammar Practice Change into Reported Speech He said, “Do you like going shopping?” The teacher said, “Did you read an English book last year?” Mother said to her son, “Have you invited anybody to dinner at the weekend?” My friend said to me, “Are you going away anywhere for your holiday?”. Pete said, “Can you speak a foreign language?”. I said, “Jack are you good at foreign languages?”. She said, “Did you enjoy the performance?”
Special Wh - Questions.
Special Wh - Questions.
Grammar Practice Change into Reported Speech Ann said, “Where are you going for the weekend?” The teacher said to the pupils, “What are you talking about?” I said to my friend, “How long did you stay in London?” He said to me, “What will you do after school?”. She said to her friend, “What do you usually do in the evening?” Mike said to me, “Where can I see you to next time?”. Tom said, “How long will it take us to go there by plane?”
Tense Changes. Commands.
Grammar Practice Change into Reported Speech The teacher said to Pete, “Go to the blackboard!” Mum said to me, “Clean the room!” Dad said to his children, “Be polite and say “Thank you!” My friend said, “Don’t take my books!” “Do the task again,” the teacher said to me. “Don’t speak all at a time,” the teacher said to her class. Mother said, “Ann, go and wash your face.”