THE GLOBAL OCEAN CRISIS
The world’s oceans are home to an incredibly diverse array of life and are vital to human health, livelihood, and culture.
50-70% of our oxygen comes from the ocean.
The ocean is the #1 source of protein for over 1 billion people.
Fishing is the MAIN livelihood for over 200 MILLION people
Despite these rich benefits, oceans, marine wildlife, and their ecosystems continue to be damaged by human activities.
90% of big fish are gone due to overfishing. e.g. tuna, swordﬁsh, halibut, cod, flounder
Toxins from plastic degradation are eaten by marine animals and can lead to illness, death, or end up in our seafood.
Less than 2% of our oceans are protected even though the ocean accounts for 71% of the planet.
“ Our actions over the next 10 years will determine the state of the ocean for the next 10,000 years. - SYLVIA EARLE ”
OVERFISHING Overﬁshing occurs when ﬁsh are caught faster than they can reproduce to replace themselves.
environmentAL EFFECTS 1 Destroys marine life’s physical environment. 2 Puts marine animals at risk of extinction. 3 Contributes to ocean pollution from boat waste.
How it affects US Increased cost of seafood and decreased variety. Loss of jobs in the ﬁshing industry. Decreased tourism from loss of sea life and recreation.
How WE CAN HELP Eat sustainably Fish Finder Fish 2 fork Online list and rating system for sustainable seafood by the Marine Conservation Society. Website dedicated to rating restaurants on their sustainable food options. LEARN MORE > LEARN MORE > x Avoid: • • • • • Blueﬁn tuna Chilean seabass Imported shrimp Orange roughy Shark
PLASTIC POLLUTION Massive amounts of plastic we use end up in the ocean. Plastic waste not only entangles and kills sea life but it also makes its way up the food chain until it ends up on our plate.
environmentAL EFFECTS 1 2 3 73.9M LBS 400-1000 YRS 100,000 of plastic are spread throughout the world’s ocean gyres. is the time it can take for plastic bags to decompose. The chemical residues remain for years after. animals die each year from eating or becoming tangled in plastic.
HOW IT AFFECTS US Plastic toxins move up the food chain and end up on our plate. Damages our water systems leading to huge costs for taxpayers. Lost marine tourism from dirty beaches and oceans.
HOW WE CAN HELP Focus on reducing and reusing Bring your own mug DON’T BUY bottled water USE NON-PLASTIC CONTAINERS Instead of using disposable cups Reﬁll a water bottle e.g. glass or paper BUY IN BULK For less packaging
EXPANDING PROTECTED OCEAN AREAS It is crucial that we begin protecting vulnerable ocean habitats. Protection can come in the form of marine protected areas (MPAs), national marine sanctuaries, and world heritage marine sites.
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS 1 2 3 64% 50% 1000% of the ocean is not part of any nation’s jurisdiction and are vulnerable to overﬁshing and habitat destruction. of Earth’s oxygen is provided by the ocean’s phytoplankton. is how much marine life can grow in mass when protected in marine reserves.
How IT AFFECTS us marine protected areas can improve: Food Security Community & Engagement Environmental Awareness Health
How WE CAN HELP SPREAD THE NEWS Contact your local policy MAKER SHARE WHAT YOU LEARNED DONATE YOUR TIME OR MONEY Make your voice heard Forward this to a friend To reputable organizations
ORGANIZATIONS LEADING CONSERVATION INITATIVES
OCEAN ELDERS An independent group of global leaders that have come together to endorse and encourage ocean conservation initiatives. LEARN MORE
ONE WORLD ONE OCEAN Aims to bring awareness through educational IMAX ﬁlms and outreach programs, inspiring audiences to take action. LEARN MORE
THE TERRAMAR PROJECT A non-proﬁt organization enabling citizens to come together as a community to protect the high seas. LEARN MORE
WWF Focuses on restoring and protecting marine ecosystems to support biodiversity, sustainable livelihoods, and economies. LEARN MORE
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You might also want to check out: SOURCES http://www.oneworldoneocean.com/pages/our-goals http://theterramarproject.org/#&panel2-1 http://www.oneworldoneocean.com/initiatives/PlasticsBreakdown http://www.oneworldoneocean.com/images/blog/ OWOO_PlasticsInfographic_2012_b.jpg http://5gyres.org/see_global_research/ http://www.oneworldoneocean.com/OWOO_KnowYourSeafood.jpg http://theterramarproject.org/education/problemsandsolutions http://www.oneworldoneocean.com/pages/why-the-ocean http://www.seaweb.org/resources/articles/writings/saﬁna1.php https://www.worldwildlife.org/habitats/ocean-habitat http://www.marine-conservation.org/who-we-are/#mission http://overﬁshingdilemma.weebly.com/costs-of-overﬁshing.html www.stinsondesign.com http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/ioc-oceans/priority-areas/ rio-20-ocean/blueprint-for-the-future-we-want/marine-biodiversity/factsand-ﬁgures-on-marine-biodiversity/ @stinsondesign 1.888.960.9851