www.themegallery.com Globalization in tourism
Globalization is Process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by informational technology. Tourism is one of the most important areas that Globalization affect. Even could be said that the tourism is established with globalization and its rapid growth support the globalization. Besides it provide to meet different cultures. Also important changes and fast development can be observed in countries which aim to support the tourist demands and needs.
Two principal instruments of globalization
General manager of the International Monetary Fund, states that regional integration constitutes an important step towards global integration: “developing countries cannot escape globalization and should not try to avoid it”. Regionalization and Globalization They are not opposite but rather complementary processes. Regionalization is an integral part of globalization. Globalization implies action in very vast, but concretely delineated spaces, enabling common decisions at a regional level.
International tourism number of arrivals
Effect of globalization on tourism The world economies which liberalized the cultural and political relations increasing between counties and developing transport and communications, in one side were increasing the interests’ of people to new countries and also was facilitating the way to reach them In global conditions, the economic growth attend faster growing behavior. The increase of the welfare of individuals played an important role in grow and development of the world tourism Globalization produce the inequality of income between countries in the world last 50 years, it caused the flow of tourists from rich to poor countries.
Difficulties of global organization Communication difficulties, little control over decisions . Political instabilities Different labour patterns, product supplies, costs, religions, customs, work ethics, languages Lack of codes and standards
Influence of globalization for demand and supply
Characteristics of globalization in tourism Global tourist: uniform traveller behaviour Tourism as "global syndrome of ecology problem" Climate changes and their effects on destinations Global tourism markets Global players and strategic alliances Global tourism management Competition Global booking systems Standardized technologies in transport systems Increasing importance of international tourism organizations Necessity for global coordination and regulation of passenger circulation
Most popular tourist origins by tourists numbers (millions)
Most popular tourists destinations by tourist numbers (millions)
Main tourists flows from different countries
Types of alliances 1.The strategic level of organizations and is exemplified by the growth of consortia-type organizations. In the simplest form of this strategy, firms are tied together by a common reservation and marketing system 2.Operational level, when two organizations with different products but similar management styles or philosophies join forces under one roof with the intention of reducing overheads and increasing profits. Strategic alliances, franchising, management contracts, joint ventures and acquisition.
Benefits from alliances
Rapid growth of tourism poses a threat to the environment, social and international relations. Nevertheless, we have to benefit from globalization in the following ways: WTO (World Tourism Organization) should accept the principles of economic, ecological and social sustainable development and in this way contribute to the world becoming a better and more pleasant environment; The government should boost the development and progress of tourism industry in countries by investing in new tourism infrastructure, particularly in underdeveloped regions and in this way help improve the positioning in the international market Conclusion
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