UppsalaA swedish University townfrom the 15th century

The Presentation inside:

Slide 0

Uppsala A swedish University town from the 15th century

Slide 1

Uppsala is the fourth largest city of Sweden, 80 km north of Stockholm, 20 minutes from Arlanda International Airport. Population: ~ 150 000 Coordinates: 59°51? N, 17°38? E

Slide 2

Uppsala is one of the oldest and most prestigious University towns in Europe. The first settlement, known as Gamla Uppsala, dates back from pre-Viking times, and was perhaps the main centre of pagan cult in Sweden. As the scandinavian gods were decaying in popularity, a rival christian borg was founded around 1164 at the port of Old Uppsala, and by 1274 (new) Uppsala had grown larger than its old predecessor. A large gothic cathedral was built in 1435, the magnificent Domkirke that still dominates the town. The University followed, founded in 1477.

Slide 3

Uppsala Cathedral, the University (left) and the Fyrisan (Fyris river) .

Slide 4

The town developped on both banks of Fyris river, the central and comercial areas on the east side, the University and the cultural centers on the west.

Slide 5

The civic centre: Stora Torget (Main Square) and the Radhaus (townhall) building.

Slide 6

The Townhall dates from 1883.

Slide 7

Stora Torget was built in the 17th century, on a dried bay of the Fyris river, after a royal decision to replan the town according to a square grid.

Slide 8

The railway station is close by. This is the main door for students and tourists, coming from Stockholm or from Arlanda Airport.

Slide 9

All through the year, the Railway Station’s bycicle park displays a peculiar view – this is really a popular european university town.

Slide 10

Close to the main square is the smaller, older, not-square Gamla Torget, and the Fyristorg across the river. One of the favorite views, introducing the old town.

Slide 11

Slide 12

Several bridges take across the river: pedestrian bridges in iron and stone bridges, like Dombron, Uppsala's oldest. It was built in 1760 , and the name refers to its location near the cathedral.

Slide 13

Dombron marks the entrance to the cobblestone-floored cultural district.

Slide 14

From Stora Torget, the Vastgotaspangen is one of several foot bridges crossing the river into Uppsala's old town. .

Slide 15

The bridge, often crowded in summer, joins the two banks of the Fyris, Ostra and Vastra, East and West.

Slide 16

A quiet evening in the often crowded Ostra Agatan.

Slide 17

The two walkways bordering Fyris river, Ostra Agatan - more scenic and devoted to leisure or shopping - and Vastra Agatan - more monumental - are the first walk to have in Uppsala, offering a panoramic view of the town.

Slide 18

Ostra Agatan

Slide 19

The East walkway: Lines of Trees, small docks, benches and cafe terraces.

Slide 20

Slide 21

The old Pump House (Pump-huset), on the West side, seen from across the river; it was the main water control installation.

Slide 22

This stairway down to the river in Ostra Agatan is the best place to sit in a warm sunny day.

Slide 23

Uppsala’s waterside resort.

Slide 24

Upplandsmuseet, a cultural and historic county museum, housed in the old Academy Mill from the 1760s.

Slide 25

Ostra Agatan in Autumn colours.

Slide 26

Slide 27

And still later.

Slide 28

Slide 29

Uppsala Cathedral (Domkirke)

Slide 30

This majestic structure of glowing red brick, crowned by three soaring black spires, dates back to 1435 .

Slide 31

The cathedral is built in the Gothic style and is one of the largest in northern Europe, with towers reaching over 118 metres.

Slide 32

Slide 33

It houses the tombs of the 16th-century Swedish king Gustav Vasa, and of the famous 18th century botanist Carl Linnaeus.

Slide 34

Slide 35

Slide 36

Slide 37

Slide 38

Slide 39

Slide 40

Slide 41

The old town of Uppsala

Slide 42

Around the cathedral, a maze of medieval alleys, most frequently jammed with students on bycicles. For these are university grounds.

Slide 43

St. Erik’s torg A picturesque spot close to the Dombron

Slide 44

S:t Erik’s Torg in an old print.

Slide 45

The Cupola of the old Gustavianum is visible over the roofs.

Slide 46

Slide 47

Slide 48

This is Valvgrand (Arch Lane), in Valvgatan, a well-known meeting point.

Slide 49

Slide 50

Slide 51

Valvgatan is a pedestrian-only alley on the West side of Uppsala.

Slide 52

The Skytteanum is a private House for the Professor in Eloquence and Political Science at University of Uppsala, which was established in 1622. The building was once part of the medieval city wall.

Slide 53

Slide 54

Uppsala University and the ‘Nations’ The university, founded in 1477, flourished during the rise of Sweden as a great power at the end of the 16th century, and was then given special protection under the rule of King Gustavus Adolphus, in the early 17th century. For centuries it ranks among the best in Europe.

Slide 55

The majestic entrance Hall of the University’s main building.

Slide 56

Slide 57

Carolina Rediviva, the main Library of Uppsala University.

Slide 58

The building was begun in 1820 and completed in 1841. The name, meaning "Carolina Revived", intends to remember the previous 18th century library, ‘Academia Carolina’.

Slide 59

Slide 60

Slide 61

The Codex Argenteus, known as "Silver Bible”, is a 6th-century manuscript with a 4th-century translation of the Bible into old East Germany’s Gothic language. The complete work is on permanent display at the Carolina Rediviva library in Uppsala. It is the most precious book in Sweden. The final leaf of the codex, fol. 336, was discovered in 1970 in Speyer, Germany. The leaf contains the final verses of the Gospel of Mark.

Slide 62

Slide 63

The Gustavianum This was the former main building of Uppsala University; the Gustavianum was built in 1622 –1625. The name Gustavianum comes from swedish King Gustavus Adolphus, who financed its construction.

Slide 64

The majestic cupola is a town landmark.

Slide 65

The Gustavianum is Uppsala University’s older building. Under the cupola is the Theatrum Anatomicum, the second oldest in the world, from the mid 17th century. Since 1997 the building became home for the Museum Gustavianum.

Slide 66

Slide 67

The Anatomical Theater Used to teach anatomy in the first modern universities, it consists of a room of roughly amphitheatrical shape, around a central table on which the bodies to dissect and study took place. This one in the Gustavianum has an octogonal shape.

Slide 68

Slide 69

Museum Gustavianum. A pair of telescopes from the 17th century.

Slide 70

Slide 71

The Nations The student nations or nationer are old student societies, with a history stretching back to the 1630s. Traditionally, students were required to be members of the nations whose area they came from, and international students free to choose whichever nation they desire. The nations are in charge of the kind of social activities such as cafe, pub, clubs, theatre, orchestras, sports societies, balls and formal dinners - and also housing for some.

Slide 72

The nations take the names from the Swedish provinces from which they traditionally recruited their members; there are 13 nations in Uppsala University: Stockholms Uplands Gastrike-Halsinge Ostgota Vastgota Sodermanlands-Nerikes Vastmanlands-Dala Smalands Goteborgs Kalmar Varmlands Norrlands Gotlands Some logos

Slide 73

Norrlands Nation claims to be largest nation; it has a powerful 18th century building on Fyrisan, with halls and lounges that are often used for celebrations.

Slide 74

The entrance Loggia.

Slide 75

It consists of two small buildings, one of which also houses the residences, and the location by the river is perfect. Vastgota Nation, commonly known as VG, was founded in 1639 and thus is one of Uppsala’s oldest nations. Several of Nations buildings are old and architecturally interesting; one of the favorites is Vastgota Nation , ‘VG’.

Slide 76

With about 1200 members, Vastgota Nation is one of the smaller nations at Uppsala, but still has extensive cultural activities, including choirs, a theatre club and an orchestra.

Slide 77

Slide 78

Slide 79

And behind VG , the huge Uppsala Castle.

Slide 80

Uppsala castle 16th century

Slide 81

The castle was built by King Gustav Vasa in 1549, in a time Sweden was on its way to become a great power in Europe.

Slide 82

As a royal castle, Uppsala Slott has played a central role in Swedish history.

Slide 83

Slide 84

Today, the large building is the site of the Uppsala Art Museum (Konstmuseet). In its large halls are displayed paintings and other remnants of the 16th century castle built by the Vasa dynasty.

Slide 85

Peasant Wedding in a Barn, by Pieter Breughel the Younger from a private collection, in Uppsala Art Museum.

Slide 86

Slide 87

Gamla Uppsala was the pre-Christian residence of the Swedish kings of the legendary Yngling dynasty. It was also the location of the ‘Thing’ of all Swedes, a general assembly held from norse times to the Middle Ages As early as the 3rd century AD and the 4th century AD and onwards, all through the late Iron Age, it was an important religious and economic centre.

Slide 88

Several pre-Viking burial mounds, dated to the 5th and 6th centuries, show the importance of this sacred site. Before Christianity arrived in Sweden, Gamla Uppsala was the seat of Swedish kings and a ceremonial site known all over northern Europe. The settlement was home to royal palaces, a royal burial ground, and a great pagan temple. Three of the burial mounds are known as the Royal Mounds (Kungshogarna).

Slide 89

Uppsala’s old cathedral was probably built in the 11th century, but finished in the 12th century.

Slide 90

Gamla Uppsala was such an important ceremonial site that the first Swedish cathedral was built over the pagan temple. Near the church is its splendid red, wooden belfry.

Slide 91

Read more: http://www.germanicmythology.com/works/uppsalatemple.html

Slide 92

The15th century altarpiece, probably manufactered in a Stockholm workshop.

Slide 93

Uppsala in winter Some images of the town under snow

Slide 94

Stora Torget

Slide 95

Frozen bycicles in Ostra Agatan.

Slide 96

The Dombron bridge

Slide 97

Slide 98

View from the Dombron to the Cathedral.n

Slide 99

Slide 100

Ostra Agatan and the Vastgota Nation

Slide 101

The Old Pump House on the Fyris river.

Slide 102

Slide 103

Slide 104

Cafes in Uppsala A town with such a vibrant student life must offer equally vibrant cafe life…

Slide 105

The Cafe Linne Hornan is probably the oldest and most prestigious among students and teachers. The Linne is often used as a meeting place for various clubs or political groups.

Slide 106

Named after Carl Von Linne – a Swedish botanist and professor of medicine who lived and worked in Uppsala – this classic cafe features a quaint, cosy atmosphere.

Slide 107

Linne Hornan is located in a corner of Svartbacksgatan , the main commercial street.

Slide 108

Cafe Ofvandahls is a traditional cafe with old roots and atmosphere. Sometimes poetry contests and other poetry readings can happen.

Slide 109

Slide 110

Cafe Fagelsangen allows sitting outdoors in the summer.

Slide 111

The End

Slide 112

This presentation ©Mario Ricca, 2014 Main internet sources: http://www.panoramio.com/ http://www.flickr.com/ http://www.trekearth.com http://www.pbase.com