Захирах т?л?вImperative


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Захирах т?л?в Imperative G.Bat-Erdene


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Imperative We use the imperative to tell people what to do/not to do. Бид “imperative”-ыг х?м??ст ямар нэг з?йлийг хий гэж /х?ссэн/, эсвэл б?? хий /хориглосон/ гэж хэлэхэд хэрэглэнэ.


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Example Put a fence around any ponds in your garden. ??рийнхээ цэцэрлэг дэх ц??рмийн эргэн тойронд хашаа хий.


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Example Don’t let your children play with matches. Х??хд??дээ ш?дэнзээр б?? тоглуул.


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Imperative Бид “Imperative”- ыг дараах д?рэмтэй хамт ашиглан ?р д?нг нь харуулдаг. Reflexive Pronouns Might/Could


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Reflexive Pronouns They might cut themselves. Тэд шархдана. Your children might poison themselves. Х??хд??д хордоно.


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Might/Could Stay away from the dog. It might/could bite you. Нохойноос холуур яв. Тэр чамайг хазна.


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English Grammar – “Imperative”


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Grammar - Exercise 1. Example: Answer the questions. 1. Don't !.............(touch) 2. Let's.............shopping. (go) 3. ................up! (stand) 4. ................ down! (sit)


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5. .... the book in your bag. (put) 6. ........... your books. (open) 7. Let's............a movie. (watch) 8. Please..............quite. (be) 9. ........left at the church. (turn) 10. .......long and prosper. (live)


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Grammar - Exercise 2 1. Please................in (come) 2. ................out! (get) 3. Please................your bedroom. (clean) 4........a little every day. (study)


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5. Don't.....on the grass. (walk) 6. Mummy,...me a candy! (give) 7. Don't.....in the building. (run) 8. Let's..............a game. (play) 9. I'm busy tonight, so don't..............for me. (wait) 10. Let's.............home! (go)


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Usage: The imperative 1 We can use the imperative to give a direct order. Бид imperative-ыг захиран тушаах ?ед хэрэглэнэ.


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Example Take that chewing gum out of your mouth. Амнаасаа бохио ав! Stand up straight. Номхон зогс ! Give me the details. Тодорхой хэл !


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The imperative 2 We can use the “imperative” to give instructions. Бид “ imperative”-ыг заавар болон даалгавар ?г?х?д ашиглана.


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Example Open your book. - Номоо нээ ! Take two tablets every evening. ?д?р болгон 2 таблеткийг уу ! Take a left and then a right. З??н тийш эргэ, тэгээд баруун тийш эргэ!


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The imperative 3 We can use the “imperative” to make an invitation. Бид “imperative”-ыг нааш нь дуудах, урих ?ед ашиглаж болно.


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Example Come in and sit down. Make yourself at home. Нааш ир энд суу. ??рийн гэр мэт бай. Please start without me. I'll be there shortly. Уучлаарай надг?й эхэлж бай. Би удахг?й очно. Have a piece of this cake. It's delicious. З?сэм бялуу ав. Энэ амттай.


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The imperative 4 We can use the “imperative” on signs and notices. Бид “imperative”-ыг сануулах ?ед ашиглаж болно.


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Example Push. Т?лх. Do not use. Б?? хэрэглэ. Insert one dollar. 1 доллар оруул.


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The imperative 5 We can use the imperative to give friendly informal advice. Бид imperative-ыг албан ёсны бус н?х?рс?г з?вл?г?? ?г?х?д ашиглана.


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Example Speak to him. Tell him how you feel. Have a quiet word with her about it. Don't go. Stay at home and rest up. Get some sleep and recover.


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The imperative 6 We can make the “imperative’ 'more polite' by adding 'do'. Бид “imperative”-ыг маш эелдэгээр захирахад ашиглана.


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Example Do be quiet. Чимээг?й байна уу. Do come. Нааш ирнэ ??. Do sit down. Сууна уу.


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Анхаарал тавьсан танд баярлалаа


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