Culture of Ancient China Yungang monastery Prepared by Ushko Denis Form 11 «A» Teacher Kharchenko E.V.
Buddhist cave temples have become commonplace in Chinese architecture. These temples are located in remote mountains and highlands of Tibet. 16 km from the industrial city of Datong is the largest in China Buddhist cave monastery - Yungang Grottoes . Its caves were cut from 460 to 524 customers a year . The main construction were the emperors of the Northern Wei state created by nomadic tribes Tabghach . Toba or Tabgachs originally roamed in northern Mongolia, and were probably the ancestors of modern Mongolians. In 439 , they were able to unite under his rule the whole of North China . Toba first emperors had broad public support Buddhism. It was under their strict guidance were built the largest Buddhist monastery in China.
YUN’GAN monastery church of the masterpieces of world architecture in grandeur of conception and his greatness
60 meters high cliff stretches nearly 2 kilometers. In it at different heights are 20 caves of varying heights. Some of them reach a height of 15 meters deep into the rock and removed 10 meters. Outside cliff decorated with bas-reliefs and colossal statues of Buddha, sealed in a state of rest and introspection. The earliest cave constructed years of our era 460-465, they are the five largest Buddha statues in Yungane. Statue of Maitreya Buddha
It’s a Gautama Buddha, one of the oldest statues.
Buddhist "holy trinity" - the Buddha of the past - Prabhutaratna, present - and future Gautama - Maitreya.
Statue of Maitreya Buddha - The Future Savior of the world.