RESEARCH PARK OF UZHHOROD NATIONAL UNIVERSITY: INTRODUCTION AND INNOVATIVE POTENTIAL IN CURRENT FP7 CALLS Ihor Studenyak, Yosyp Golovach Uzhhorod National University, Uzhhorod, Ukraine
The state higher educational institution of the IV accreditation level; The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine Licence AB №175907; Year of establishment – 1945; Number of faculties – 18; Number of students –12000 students; Forms of studies: day-time, extra-mural, continuing post diploma studies on the state budget funding and on the contract basis. General information about Uzhhorod National University
Educational qualification levels: the Bachelor's, the Specialist's, the Master's programs. Number of professors, Doctors of Sciences – 105; Number of Associate Professors, Candidates of Sciences – 450; Number of Honoured Workers of Science and Technology, Honoured Educationalists, Physicians, Inventors – over 50. Post graduate courses, preparatory department and preparatory courses, Refresher courses. The University maintains international cooperation with 62 higher educational establishments of the world. University Address: 46, Pidhirna St., Uzhhorod, Ukraine, 88000. Rector's office: 46, Pidhirna St., Uzhhorod, Ukraine, 88000 Tel/ Fax. 38 (03122) 3 33 41, 3 33 46; Tel. 38 (03122) 3 42 02 E-mail: [email protected] Web-site: www.univ.uzhgorod.ua
The R&D of Uzhhorod National University is aimed at performing the fundamental and applied research projects in the priority directions of the development of science and technology, at the support, development and effective use of the University's R&D potential, at training high quality scientific and pedagogical staff, at increasing the teaching and educational process standards level at the integration of the education and science in the context of the Bologna process major guidelines, officially acceded to by Ukraine.
Institute of Carpathian Studies The institute was created in 1992. Institute performed fundamental and applied research directed at: ¦ the study of history, archaeology, ethnography, history of art of Transcarpathian region in its interconnection with the Carpathians region ¦ the development of practical recommendations in ethno-political and ethno-social questions ¦ the research of history of Ukrainian diaspora in Europe and America ¦ the development of regional manuals for the educational network of Transcarpathian region
Institute of Solid State Physics and Chemistry The Institute was founded in 1992 on the basis of Problem research laboratory for synthesis and research of complex semiconductor compounds. The basic directions of its activities are: ¦ the physics of phase transitions and critical phenomena in multi-component structures; ¦ the technology of preparation of new crystalline, glassy and thin-film functional materials; ¦ the primary transformers and functional elements for the detectors of optical, thermal and acoustic radiation; ¦ the optolectronic systems of registration and information treatment.
Institute of State Administration and Regional Development The institute was created in1997. The basic directions of its activities are: ¦ the elaboration of the programs for qualification increasing and preparation of public servants in different categories; ¦ the organization of educational courses; ¦ the consultative, expert, informatively technical assistance to the organs of state administration, local self-government, public organizations, business structures; ¦ the conducting of research for state administration, regional policy and development, local self-government.
Institute of Brain The Institute was created in 2006. The Institute executes fundamental and applied research directed at: ¦ the improvement of diagnostics and treatment of vascular diseases of brain and spinal cord; ¦ the study of possibilities of epilepsy surgical treatment; ¦ the treatment of pain syndromes; ¦ the complex research of infectious-inflammatory, immune and degenerative nervous diseases; ¦ the treatment of new pharmacology of the nervous system; ¦ the improvement of intensive therapy for patients with lesion of nervous system; ¦ the study of new methods of surgical treatment of patients with lesion of nervous system.
Institute of Ukrainian Studies The Institute of Ukrainian Studies was founded in 2007. The basic directions of scientific and practical activities are: ¦ the complex research of problems of Ukrainian history, political science, sociology, language, literature, folklore; ¦ the realization of direct contacts and joint scientific research with Ukraine-directed scientific - pedagogical, scientific and scientific-educational institutions of neighboring countries (Slovakia, Romania, Serbia, Poland, the Czech Republic); ¦ the organization of dialectology and folklore expeditions for the research of Ukrainian ethnographic acres and places of compact residence of Ukrainians.
Institute of Phytotherapy The Institute was created in 1992. The main directions of its activities are: ¦ the development of phytopreparations for the prevention and treatment of patients with internal organs pathology, caused by small doses of ionizing radiation influence; ¦ the issue of developed phytopreparations and phytoproducts; ¦ the development of computer expert systems of diagnostics, prognostication and optimal phytotherapy; ¦ the development of new instrumental diagnostic methods of pre-tumour and tumour states.
Institute of Analytical Technique The Institute created in 2008. The basic directions of its activities are: ¦ the implementation of fundamental, scientific-research, research-design, scientific-industrial works and services; ¦ the development of new element base of machine-building with the application of microelectronic technologies; ¦ the development of analytical devices among which there are devices of gas analysis for the control and protection of environment, for the special technological processes of labour protection, accident prevention; ¦ the production and realization of research models of scientific and technical production, elaboration of technical documentation for mass-production.
Laboratory of Physical Electronics with Space Research Department The Laboratory, opened in 1965, was the first scientific institution at the university. The Laboratory include: - The department of emission electronics is the research of conformities and mechanisms of the phenomena of emissions at the irradiation of the surface of solids and tapes by ions, electrons and photons. - The department of quantum electronics studies physics processes in plasma of high pressure gas lasers on excimer and other molecules.
- The department of electron-atomic collisions deals the research of processes of inelastic со-оperations of electrons with the normal and metastable atoms of metals, and also with the molecules of nucleic acids and metalhalogenides. - The department of space research conducts the observation of artificial and natural space bodies, research of surrounding space.
Laboratory of Natural Ecosystems Safety The Laboratory was created in 1993. The basic directions of its activities are: ¦ the forming of computer data bank of the naturе protected fund of Transcarpamian region and development of its perspective network: ¦ the research and inventory of flora and fauna of the nature protected territories; ¦ the creation of the computer data bank of these types of flora and fauna of Transcarpathian region, brought to the Red Book of Ukraine, and also those that are the under the threat of their disappearance; ¦ the monitoring research of bioecological features of the population of most imgressionable rareand vanishing types of plants and animals.
Hungarology Center The Hungarology Center of Uzhhorod National University was founded in 1988. The basic directions of its scientific research are: ¦ Ukrainian-Hungarian interlingual (interdialectal) contacts; ¦ interliterary and interethnic communications; ¦Hungarian dialects of Transcarpathian region and linguogeography.
Center of Family Medicine The Center was created in 2002. The aim and functions of the Centre are: ¦ the providing of studies of interns and students of appropriate specialities; ¦ the scientific describing and providing of target clinical examination; ¦ the introduction of clinical protocols of diagnostics and treatment, the improvement of medical service quality; ¦ the co-ordination of work for stage-by-stage introduction of family medicine the region; ¦ the development, edition and realization of educational and methodical materials for students, interns and doctors; ¦ the conducting of scientific research, experimental and inculcating research in the field of information and telecommunication technologies in the system of education and health protection.
Center for the Trial of New Medications The center was created in 2005 with the purpose of development of new methods of treatment of patients with oncologic pathology, elaboration and introduction into clinical practice of new schemes and modes of chemotherapy of malignant neoplasm. The basic directions of its activities are: ¦ the trial of newantitumoral medication of domestic and foreign production; ¦ the research of new combinations of known medications, used in oncology, and also in studying of the mechanisms of tumour resistance to chemopreparations.
2. The Research Park of Uzhhorod National University Legal, economic, organizational relations are regulated by the Law of Ukraine "On research parks" N 1563-VI of June 25, 2009. A Research Park is created to develop the scientific, technical and innovative activity in a higher educational establishment and/or scientific institution, ensure efficient and rational use of the existing scientific potential and the material and technical base for the commercialization of research results and their implementation on the domestic and foreign markets. Functions of the Research Park are the following: • creation of new kinds of innovative product; • promotion of development and support of small innovative business; • support of high-technology production; • development of international and domestic cooperation in science, technology and innovation, promoting of foreign investment.
Priority directions of the Research Park activity • The list of the priority directions of the Research Park activity is formed according to the Laws of Ukraine "On the priority directions of science and technology development" (2623-14) and "On the priority directions of innovation activity in Ukraine"(433-15) in compliance with the directions of research activity of higher educational establishment and/or scientific institution to meet the needs of the region (territory), where the Research Park is located. • The list of the Research Park priority directions of activity is adopted by authorized central body of executive power in the field of science, technology and innovation at the approval of decision to create the Research Park. Government order for the Research Park on products supplying • Applications of the scientific parks to receive government orders to supply products, perform works and render services for top-priority needs of the state are reviewed on a priority basis • Performing of government orders is subject to contractual basis in the manner determined by the Law.
Normative base • Law of Ukraine № 523-V "On the Research Park “Kyivska Politekhnika” of 22.11.2006 • Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine № 546-r "On the approved plan to implement the Law of Ukraine" On the Research park "Kyivska Politekhnika" of 07.18.2007 • Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine № 760-p "On approval of innovative program of the Research park "Kyivska Politekhnika" for 2007-2011” of 09.19.2007 • The Law of Ukraine № 1563-VI "On the Research Parks" of June 25, 2009 The Research Park’s Projects: - developed on a competitive basis within the priority directions of activity taking into account the requirements of the Laws of Ukraine "On innovation activity", "On state regulation of activities in technology transfer", "On special regime of innovative activity of technological parks;
- projects are submitted to the executive management body under the terms of the competitive tenders concerning implementation of the Research Park’s priority directions. By the results of tender the executive authority of the Research Park’s management makes a decision about implementation of the project and concludes an agreement of partnership; - registration of all the projects of the Research Park, at realization of which is signed an agreement of partnership, is carried out by the executive authority of the science parks management; projects, which implementation will require state support are subject to state registration by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. The Research Park of Uzhhorod National University In accordance with the Law of Ukraine "On Research Parks" in Transcarpathian region has been started an active process of the Research Park creating. In accordance with the decision of the Joint meeting of the Conference of the staff and the Academic Board of Uzhhorod National University on August 31, 2009 the work on the establishment of the Research Park was initiated.
Structure of the Research Park of Uzhhorod National University
The priorities of innovational activity of Research Park at Uzhhorod National University In accordance with the Law of Ukraine “The priority of innovational activities in Ukraine” the main priorities of innovational activity for Research Park are determined: new and renewable power sources; newest resource-saving technologies; machine building and instrument engineering as the basis of high-technology update of all industrial branches; nanotechnologies, microelectronics, informational technologies, telecommunications; improvement of chemical technologies, new materials, development of biotechnologies; high-technology development of agriculture and remanufacturing industry; public health care, health improvement and environmental protection; development of innovational culture of society.
3. Innovation program of Uzhhorod National University Research Park The present Innovation Program of Uzhhorod National University Research Park is aimed support of constant improvement of the socio-economic balance of Transcarpathian region by implementation of new efficient forms of innovation and investment cooperation of the scientific and technological elite, business and financial community, regional power and local communities with the use of own power, natural, technological, logistic and staff resources, as well as the scientific and technological potential of the Research Park’s participants. This Innovation Program will enable to detect and initiate the influential projects that are of primary importance for the improvement of the region’s socio-economic development, and of the innovation activity in the regional industrial system.
New and renewable power sources The issues of the development of the energy sector and launch of the latest alternative technologies are to be solved simultaneously in several directions. Within the process, the following projects are to be implemented: efficient launch of alternative technologies in the industrial, municipal and private sectors in Transcarpathian region; introduction of alternative power sources; development of renewable power sources; introduction of ecologically efficient household and industrial waste recycling technologies; introduction of heat insulators production technology based on local raw materials and solid household waste. Implementation of the above activities will enable: to substantially decrease the consumption of natural gas and electricity in the industrial, municipal and private sectors in Transcarpathian region; to start recycling of solid household and industrial waste directly at the site of emergence; to assimilate various types of renewable power sources in practice.
Machine building and instrument engineering as the basis of high-technology update of all industrial branches A complex of activities aimed at development of competitive equipment and up-to-date technologies is to be fulfilled in the following directions: joining of the engineering and designer potential of Transcarpathian scholars and machine building and instrument engineering industries to develop and launch large-scale production of high-technology products and up-to-the-minute technologies; development of the element base for machine building and instrument engineering (semiconducting gas sensors, chemical sensors, fibre-optic biosensors, diffraction structures, etc.); development of a new generation of gas analyzers for medicine, and implementation of safe practice into industry and use of household appliances;
development and implementation of medical equipment (halo generation instruments as artificial counterparts of Solotvyna mines microclimate, mobile local medical waste utilizers, etc.); implementation of up-to-the-minute technologies (plasma-optical technologies for high quality water preparation systems and reagent-free disinfection of loose (granular) media; technologies to produce materials with new properties with the use of metallothermy and self-distributing high-temperature synthesis (SHS), etc.). Implementation of the above activities will be aimed at development of the national high-end technology industry for safety arrangement and precautions, medicine and domestic use, and launch of up-to-the-minute technologies; providing for the introduction of innovations developed by both national scholars and foreign participants of the Research Park.
Development and implementation of biotechnologies A number of activities aimed at advancement of the qualitative indices and improvement of medical, food, and veterinary industries are to be implemented in the following directions: Implementation of the concept of rational antibiotic therapy in Transcarpathian region by rapid pathogen diagnosing, its susceptibility to antibiotics and, respectively, the needs to use them (express-chips), followed by substantiated application of a broad spectrum of bio- (microbial) preparations: pre-, pro-, and synbiotics, phages, vaccines, and serum immunoglobulins. Technological development and industrial launch of new types of functional products and beverages made of various local primary materials, etc., with bioactive components of plant and microbial origin, able to prevent (and regulate) metabolic-related diseases, especially food allergies, obesity and cardiovascular dysfunctions;
Implementation (production and sale) of the biopreparations developed by Uzhhorod National University (including Monosporine-PK and Bacella, registered in Ukraine, with approved specifications, and currently produced by Nyva Ltd. Agricultural Company in the Crimea), at local farms (state and privately owned), to ensure compliance of the meat products with the respective EU standards (antibiotic- and hormone-free advanced quality meat); Implementation of efficient quick tests for the monitoring (with the aim of detection) and further microbial-enzymatic recycling of pollutions in situ (SMART); Nanotechnologies in food industry – identification of nonmarketable products; Biotechnological processing of agricultural primary materials to prolong their shelf life without the use of preservatives, and with advanced organoleptic qualities (forage production).
Implementation of the above activities will enable: to implement the brand: Transcarpathian region As a Healthy Region in Every Respect: in ecological, food, medical, veterinary, and agricultural aspects, at cost of introduction of the below stated projects based on cheap biotechnological approaches; to decrease the number of clinical and other infections, to cut patient hospital upkeep costs, to accelerate the recovery, and to reduce the mortality index; to increase the number of healthy population (underage, able-bodied and elder age categories) in Transcarpathian region by food normalization and availability of functional products for different age categories with adjustable preventive properties; to provide the population with functional products made of local primary materials, able to prevent metabolic-related diseases; to successfully monitor the environmental conditions, and implement the biotechnological techniques of water and soil treatment and waste recycling.
Health The following activities aimed at public health care and health improvement are to be implemented in the following directions: introduction in Transcarpathian region of early diagnosing, urgent treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of certain widely spread diseases (acute myocardial infarction, post-ischemic stroke, epilepsy, HIV-infection, etc.); efficacious prevention and correction of iodine deficiency; decrease of underage iodine endemia in Transcarpathian region based on efficient domestically produced polyfunctioning iodine-containing health-improving food additives studied at the Institute of Phytotherapy and other Uzhhorod National University’s departments (Lamidan, Iodis-Concentrate, etc.); prevention of endoecological diseases related with floods and other exoecological harmful factors, wit the use of phyto-teas with cleaning, immune-stimulating, cardioprotective and general health-improving activity developed and introduced by Uzhhorod National University both for the underage and adult population of Transcarpathian region;
use of artificial counterparts of the natural factors of highly mineralized Solotvyna Salt Lake by organization of manufacture of halophilic bacteria-based preparations to treat chronic dermatoses (psoriasis, etc.). Implementation of the above activities will enable: to cut drastically disability and mortality among the population of Transcarpathian region caused by most dangerous cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, etc. diseases; to improve the life quality and icrease the number of healthy population (underage, able-bodied and elder age categories) in Transcarpathian region by availability of functional health improvement natural means for different age categories with preventive, rehabilitation and therapeutic properties; to provide the population with affordable domestically produced natural phyto-products able to prevent ecology-related diseases.
Environmental protection and stabilization (Solution of the ecological problems of the Carpathian region) A complex of activities aimed at solution of the problems of the Carpathian region, environmental protection and stabilization, and solution of agricultural problems is to be fulfilled in the following directions: elaboration of decision-making systems for emergency cases of anthropogenic and natural catastrophes; research of the level of pollution of the atmospheric air in urban areas of Transcarpathian region with carcinogenic substances; research of the impact of solid household waste polygons and dumps upon the ecological state of environmental objects; fight with formation of mud streams; improvement of the ecological state of Transcarpathian minor rivers; preservation and recovery of forest zone upper confines і;
fight against spread of particularly dangerous non-aboriginal plants; preservation of the gene pool of the Hutsul breed horses; development of horticulture and viticulture. Implementation of the above activities will enable: to substantially enhance public safety in case of emergence and duration of natural flood and mud stream situations; to optimize the anti-flood defence system; to provide for a number of conditions required for permanent nature management; to create the necessary prerequisites for the natural ecosystems’ return to their initial natural state within the region of the Carpathian Mts. both in Ukraine and neighbouring countries.
Debrecen, Hungary, 2008 I. Studenyak Thank you for your attention Thank you for your attention