Online Video: How It Changes & Enhances The Way We Learn


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Online Video How It Changes & Enhances the Way We Learn! 16.11.15 Lynda.com A L I N K E D I N C O M PA N Y


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Laurie Burruss is. . . ALWAYS: A storyteller, recently a digital storyteller NOW: Sr. Director of Education at lynda.com Online Training Library© http://www.lynda.com [email protected] THEN: 16 years @Professor in Design at Pasadena City 22 College teaching Interactive Multimedia Design AND ALSO: 11 years as Director of the Pasadena City College Digital Media Center serving the state of California as a regional Pre-K 4 resource for collaboration beween education, yrs old industry, and the community. http://www.dmc-pcc.org [email protected]


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yay awe wow t h e aha EXPLOSION huge amounts of customdeveloped online content NEED large volumes of content needed for self-paced, online delivery RESOURCES internal, limited, insufficient resources (content & dollars) to carry out their elearning visions EXPERIENCE increasingly sophisticated learners demand more dynamic & interactive, rich learning content


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What is out there right now?


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learning with online video 3 case studies


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OpenClassroom: Stanford Introduction to Human-Computer Interaction Design http://openclassroom.stanford.edu/MainFolder/VideoPage.php?course=HCI&video=HistoryI&speed=100


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Target Audience: Gen M Training Karen, Katie & a Job unpai d intern http://karenkavett.com/blog/1526/how-to-design-a-resume.php http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKl-aGY6TrI#t=345 http://karenkavett.com/resume.pdf


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Target Audience: Gen M Training Karen, Katie & a Job unpai d intern http://karenkavett.com/blog/1526/how-to-design-a-resume.php http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gKl-aGY6TrI#t=345 http://karenkavett.com/resume.pdf


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instant feedback


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What do we know?


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MULTISENSORY INTEGRATION How does the brain work? Our senses evolved to work together—vision influencing hearing, for example—which means that we learn best if we stimulate several senses at once. p.219, Brain Rules, John Medina


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Rules for Multimedia Presentation • Multimedia principle - Students learn better from words & pictures rather than words alone. • Temporal contiguity principle - Students learn better when corresponding words & pictures are presented simultaneously. • Spatial contiguity principle - Students learn better when corresponding words & pictures are presented near to each other rather than far. • Coherence principle - Students learn better when extraneous material is excluded rather than included. • Modality principle - Students learn better from animation & narration than from animation & on-screen text. http://www.amazon.com/Multimedia-Learning-Richard-E-Mayer/dp/0521514126 Multimedia Learning, Richard E. Mayer


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Meaning, Quality, Value, Curation http://www.lynda.com/Digital-Photography-tutorials/foundations-of-photography-exposure/71923-2.html Foundation of Photography: Exposure, Ben Long


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Meaning, Quality, Value, Curation “The power of the moving image in communicating complex information to students.” 60 sec SENSORY DESIGN: • Association • Interpretation • Integration • Elaboration • Engagement All to make the senses work together! BEST PRACTICES: ➡The BIG IDEA followed by granular details ➡Information presented by a subject matter expert ➡Context offered ➡Meaning with “real world” experiences ➡Timing, tempo, chunks of learning ➡Animation with narration ➡Repetition of the concept “exposure” in many different ways ➡Design elearning for more . . . http://www.lynda.com/Digital-Photography-tutorials/foundations-of-photography-exposure/71923-2.html Foundation of Photography: Exposure, Ben Long


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learning better


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learning differently


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What are current “best practices”?


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‣ Bite-sized: short, to-the-point, searchable


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‣ Audio: Teacher’s voice “speaks” to the student - no attention wandering.


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‣ Video:Visual images, motion graphics, animations create engaged, memorable, emotional, narrative.


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‣ Transcripts: Learn the words & vocabulary; text tracks provide timecoded metadata. Enhanced searchability.


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‣ Repetition & Failure: Watching a video repetitively or as much as needed to get it; no failure - as many chances as the learner needs or wants.


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‣ No tests, no stress: Anonymous learning makes it safe to “not know” something, allows vulnerability to transform into confidence.


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Player Controls Volume Speed Closed View Screen Full Captions Mode Choices Screen Bookmarks ‣speed, viewing size, choice of form Control: Player controls offer factors & devices, whole or partial videos; whole or partial courses according to need, subjects or choices. http://www.lynda.com/player/popup?lpk4=79343&playChapter=False Click on movie player to set these preferences


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‣ Simplicity: Ease of use; simple straightforward access to information, no manual necessary.


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‣ Choice: No “right or wrong” way to view a movie; no left to right or top to bottom; searchable/retrievable video clips selection allows the learner to determine the order. Lots of variety - lots of classes and teachers.


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‣ Time & Location: Anytime, anywhere learning no longer linked to the static/stationary classroom or office. Mobile or online.


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‣ Synchronous versus Asynchronous: Asynchronous learning means freedom from boredom - choice


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‣ Engagement After 10 minutes attention drops. Our movies are 4 - 7 minutes each covering 1 key concept.


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http://wistia.com/blog/does-length-matter-it-does-for-video-2k12-edition/


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HOW WE LEARN: http://www.brainrules.net/


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net short-term memory Rule #5: Repeat to remember. the 12 brain rules BR A IN RULES long-term memory Rule #6: Remember to repeat. exercise Rule #1: Exercise boosts brain power. survival Rule #2: The human brain evolved, too. wiring Rule #3: Every brain is wired differently. attention Rule #4: We don’t pay attention to boring things. short-term memory Rule #5: Repeat to remember. long-term memory Rule #6: Remember to repeat. sleep Rule #7: Sleep well, think well. sleep Rule #7: Sleep well, think well. stress Rule #8: Stressed brains don’t learn the same way. sensory integration Rule #9: Stimulate more of the senses. vision Rule #10:Vision trumps all other senses. gender Rule #11: Male and female brains are different. exploration Rule #12: We are powerful and natural explorers.


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short-term Rule #2: The human brain evolved, too.memory Rule #5: Repeat to remember. BR A IN RULES wiring long-term memory Rule #6: Remember to repeat. sleep Rule #7: Sleep well, think Rule #3: Every brain is wired differently. well. stress Rule #8: Stressed brains don’t learn the same way. attention sensory integration Rule #9: Stimulate more of the senses. Rule #4: We don’t pay attention to boring things. vision Rule #10:Vision trumps all other senses. short-term memory gender Rule #11: Male and female brains are different. Rule #5: Repeat to remember. exploration explorers. Rule #12: We are powerful and natural


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Rule #3: Every brain is wired differently. short-term memory Rule #5: Repeat to remember. BR A IN RULES attention long-term memory Rule #6: Remember to repeat. sleep Rule #7: Sleep well, things. Rule #4: We don’t pay attention to boring think well. stress Rule #8: Stressed brains don’t learn the same way. short-term memory integration sensory Rule #9: Stimulate more of the senses. Rule #5: Repeat to remember. vision Rule #10:Vision trumps all other senses. gender long-term memory Rule #11: Male and female brains are different. Rule #6: Remember to #12:We are powerful and natural explorers. repeat. Rule exploration


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short-term memory Rule #5: Repeat to remember. BR A IN RULES long-term memory Rule #6: Remember to repeat. sleep Rule #7: Sleep well, think well. stress x Rule #8: Stressed brains don’t learn the same way. long-term memory sensory integration Rule #9: Stimulate more of the senses. Rule #6: Remember to repeat. vision Rule #10:Vision trumps all other senses. gender Rule #11: Male and female brains are different. exploration Rule #12: We are powerful and natural explorers.


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net Rule #7: Sleep well, think well. the 12 brain rules BR A IN RULES stress Rule #8: Stressed brains don’t learn the same way. exercise Rule #1: Exercise boosts brain power. survival Rule #2: The human brain evolved, too. wiring sensory integration Rule #3: Every brain is wired differently. Ruleattention Stimulate more of the senses. #9: Rule #4: We don’t pay attention to boring things. short-term memory Rule #5: Repeat to remember. long-term memory vision Rule #10:Vision trumps all other senses. Rule #6: Remember to repeat. sleep Rule #7: Sleep well, think well.


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net sensory integration BR A IN RULES Rule #9: Stimulate more of the senses. the 12 brain rules exercise Rule #1: Exercise boosts brain power. survival Rule #2: The human brain evolved, too. wiring Rule #3: Every brain is wired differently. vision Rule #10:Vision trumps all other senses. attention Rule #4: We don’t pay attention to boring things. short-term memory Rule #5: Repeat to remember. long-term memory Rule #6: Remember to repeat. gender Rule #11: Male and female brains are different. sleep Rule #7: Sleep well, think well.


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net Rule #10:Vision trumps all other senses. the 12 brain rules BR A IN RULES gender exercise Rule #11: Male and female brains are different. Rule #1: Exercise boosts brain power. survival Rule #2: The human brain evolved, too. wiring Rule #3: Every brain is wired differently. exploration Rule #12: We are powerful and natural explorers. attention Rule #4: We don’t pay attention to boring things. short-term memory Rule #5: Repeat to remember. long-term memory Rule #6: Remember to repeat. sleep Rule #7: Sleep well, think well.


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net Rule #10:Vision trumps all other senses. the 12 brain rules BR A IN RULES gender exercise Rule #11: Male and female brains are different. Rule #1: Exercise boosts brain power. survival Rule #2: The human brain evolved, too. wiring Rule #3: Every brain is wired differently. exploration Rule #12: We are powerful and natural explorers. attention Rule #4: We don’t pay attention to boring things. short-term memory [Experts’] knowledge is not simply a list of facts and Rule #5: Repeat to remember. formulas that are relevant. . .their knowledge is organized around core concepts and ‘big ideas’ that long-term memory guide their thinking about the to repeat. Rule #6: Remember domains. sleep How People Learn, John Bransford Rule #7: Sleep well, think well. We are natural explorers. The tendency is so strong, it is capable of turning us into lifelong learners. . . BRAIN RULES, John Medina, p. 264


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net the 12 brain rules EX PLO RERS exercise Rule #1: Exercise boosts brain power. survival Rule #2: The human brain evolved, too. wiring Rule #3: Every brain is wired differently. Sal Kahn, The Kahn Academy [FREE] MIT > TechTV [library + annotation] USC [archiving the BEST storytellers] attention Rule #4: We don’t pay attention to boring things. short-term memory Rule #5: Repeat to remember. long-term memory Rule #6: Remember to repeat. Class Central: MOOC aggregator sleep TED Talks [bite-size, world-class + FREE] Direct TV [Netflix - anywhere, anytime video] Online Video: Anyone can do it and they are! Rule #7: Sleep well, think well.


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EX PLO RERS Stanford’s Entrepreneurship eCorner [FREE] Google’s Learn - Promoting a business online [FREE] udemy.com [FREE - $$$] Online Courses from the World’s Experts pluralsight: hardcore dev and IT training vimeo.com | video school [FREE] CodeAcademy.com | Learn to code! Online Video: Anyone can do it and they are!


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EX PLO RERS Video in the Classroom BEST PRACTICES OYO: On-Your-Own Learning the SPACE between OYO learning and face-to-face [F2F] • Custom Editable Shareable Playlists • Annotated lessons to accompany online video tutorials, projects, & researched URLs • Textbook replacement


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the benefits


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@work, @school || face 2 face • MENTOR, not teach tools • TEACH the Big Ideas instead of drills and rote teaching • COMMUNICATE & COLLABORATE • CHALLENGE students to think on their own • ENGAGE the learner with critical thinking & thought leadership


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O.Y.O. || on your own • DISCOVER what you want to learn • FIND their passion • DEVELOP skills at their own pace on their own time • BUILD confidence • EMPOWER learners to take back learning If you don’t know something, you can learn it!


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no single answer +


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Continued exploration in . . . the opening moment multi-sensory experiences repetitive information tempo & pacing empathy context-dependent individualized learning attention & engagement overall increase in retention stabilized memory timed intervals emotions effect motivation relation to other parts of a learning environment instructor, competencies, & learning gaps to fill


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for the love of learning Laurie Burruss Education Innovation Advisor Sr Director of Education lynda.com [email protected]


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bonus


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the hurdles


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10 common problems


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10 common nightmares


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Top 10 Worst Features of Online Videos You don’t keep a to-do list? I’m a spontaneous kind of guy! PowerPoint with Voiceover Audio All About Me Lecture Capture Green-screen Overuse Inauthentic Simulation Why not SlideShare.net? or a PDF? Blah, blah, blah about me for 5 minutes+ Unedited, audio & room distractions, too long. . . Little talking/walking elves hopping & pointing across the screen Supposedly “real world” simulations with “actors;” quickly looks dated. . . Talking Head CINEMA, it’s not! Jane Fonda Workout Audio Track Boring Delivery Unreadable screen Opening credits or intro too long & irrelevant; player not set up for stop, play, rewind for learner Music or bad audio track that distracts & disenchants ambient noises - not teacher voice Too slow, monotone, reading script, no passion. . .Zzzzzz! Screen capture image too small, complex screen - user loses way (fire siren . . .) Don’t live in NYC! It’s too dangerous! TMI Too much info/too long Not professional - jokes, personal info overload, 15 min 1 hr+ long. . . If you can check any of the above boxes - rethink, redesign, reinvent!


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