# I QUIZ-IIISCIENCE Q25.05.2014,NGO QUARTERS HIGHER SECONADARY SCHOOL ,CALICUT

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I QUIZ-III SCIENCE Q 25.05.2014, NGO QUARTERS HIGHER SECONADARY SCHOOL ,CALICUT

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ROUND I Infinite pounce/+10 -10

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What does this sequence indicate 2,60,40,1,30,30,5,1,30,200,8,40,50,1, 30,200,8,10,40

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Baa = 2; Seen = 60; Meem = 40; Alif = 1; Laam = 30; Laam = 30; Haa (Small) = 5; Alif=1; Laam = 30; Raa = 200; Haa (big) = 8; Meem = 40; Noon = 50; Alif = 1; Laam = 30; Raa = 200; Haa (big) = 8; Yaa = 10; Meem = 40

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12/3/2014 5

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This is used to check a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human. In the original illustrative example, a human judge engages in natural language conversations with a human and a machine designed to generate performance indistinguishable from that of a human being. If the judge cannot reliably tell the machine from the human, the machine is said to have passed the test; it checks how closely the answer resembles typical human answers. What is the term used for this.(Image follows) 12/3/2014 7

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Turing Test 12/3/2014 9

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These are the original apparatus used for a historic experiment in 1654 performed by Otto von Guericke.It  was used to demonstrate the power of atmospheric pressure.  Just name the experiment Which logo was inspired by this Exp

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Magdeberg hemisphere experiment & Levi strauss

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First use of this term in its present meaning was by Horace Mann (dated 28 January 1754) .He said he formed it from a Persian fairy tale. The term used extensively in scientific communities stems from an old name for Sri Lanka(aka Ceylon). Parts of Sri Lanka were under the rule of South Indian kings-cheras for extended periods of time in history. “The island belonging to cheras” were called ------ by Arab traders. From this word the term evolved. Which term am I referring to?

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Serendipity

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This symbol is known as Ourobus and is seen in several ancient scriptures and texts. It inspired a person to a revolutionary scientifc finding in 1850’s .What was that finding?and who is the person related to this finding?

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Kekule Benzene

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Description about a scientific establishment in India A local Catholic church, the St Mary Magadelene's Church served as the main office for the scientists. The bishop's house was converted into a workshop. A cattle shed became the laboratory in which the young Indian scientists worked for making something first in India.In 1967 they achieved that feat.About which establishment am I describing here.

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Beluga Whale & Airbus Beluga

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"Gravity" is a 2013 science fiction thriller directed bt Alfonso Cuaron and starring George Clooney and Sandra Bullock. The film has been much talked about for its depiction of an accident during a space mission. The film has a running time of 90 minutes –

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ISS-International Space Station

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WHO?? Knowledge of Literature – nil. Knowledge of Philosophy – nil. Knowledge of Astronomy – nil. Knowledge of Politics – Feeble. Knowledge of Botany – Variable. Well up in belladonna, opium and poisons generally. Knows nothing of practical gardening. Knowledge of Geology – Practical, but limited. Tells at a glance different soils from each other. Knowledge of Chemistry – Profound. Knowledge of Anatomy – Accurate, but unsystematic. Knowledge of Sensational Literature– Immense. Is an expert singlestick player, boxer and swordsman. Has a good practical knowledge of British law.

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The name was given by the then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru when he likened the blue  radiation coming out of the experimental set up.He related the beauty of the radiation to the beauty of Indra's court dancers.What was the name given by Nehru to that experimental set up?

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Apsara,India’s first nuclear reactor

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Programming Languages

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Knot theory is a branch of topology dealing with the study of mathematical knots. The visual on the following slide shows an example of a mathematical knot called tree-foil knot. It finds applications in a variety of areas. It is required to explain sun's corona structure mathematically. Interestingly it also explains the reason behind an everyday nuisance. Which nuisance we are talking about? (Image follows)

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The branding of _____ was created by Timothy Hanley to distinguish items that integrate consumer audio and video with conventional computing products.The ____ logo also represents the integration of analog and digital technology. Which logo/Brand?

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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic,systemic inflammatory disorder that may affect many tissues and organs, but principally attacks flexible (synovial) joints. It can be a disabling and painful condition, which can lead to substantial loss of functioning and mobility if not adequately treated.Who ,in the world of cricket is perhaps the most famous person suffering from this disease (This lead to something dramatic!)

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Billy Bowden,& his signalling  "crooked finger of doom”

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He was famous during his times as a mathematician. He wrote the influential Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra (1070), which laid down the principles of algebra.  he wrote on the triangular array of binomial coefficients known as Pascal's triangle.  In 1077 he wrote Explanations of the Difficulties in the Postulates of Euclid.Legendary malayali poet G.Shankarakkurup translated some of his works to malayalam.

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Omar Khayyam

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List of ? Who is missing?

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The Lucasian Chair of Mathematics Missing-Charles babbage, Stephan hawking

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ROUND II Short story!! ABCD? 10 for each-Bonus 10 for all

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ABCD? A was an Indian-American science fiction film in development in the late 1960s which was eventually cancelled. It was to be directed by  B and co-produced by Hollywood studio Columbia Pictures. When the Hollywood film C was produced in 1982 by the same company that had contracted with B ,B claimed similarities in the movie to earlier script . B discussed the collapse of the project in a 1980 Sight & Sound feature. B believed that D’s film "would not have been possible without my script of A being available throughout America in mimeographed copies." When the issue was raised by the press, D denied this claim and said "I was a kid in high school when his script was circulating in Hollywood."

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A-The Alien C-E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial B-Satyajit Ray D-Steven Spielberg

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ROUND III Infinite pounce/+10 -10

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Wolfram Alpha is a computational knowledge engine or answer engine  developed by Wolfram Research. It is an online service that answers factual queries directly by computing the answer. In January 2013 they created ______ Curve using highly complicated mathematical model. Calculations are given below. Name the curve.

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PSY CURVE

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The large numbers of those who participated in the armed struggle or the non-cooperation movement in India could not be accommodated in ordinary jails. The British Government decided to establish a few detention camps; the first one was located in Buxar Fort followed by the creation of the Hijli Detention Camp in 1930. A significant moment in the struggle against British rule occurred at The Hijli Detention Camp on Sept. 16, 1931 when two unarmed detainees, Santosh Kumar Mitra and Tarakeswar Sengupta, were shot dead by the British Police and Subhas Chandra Bose came to Hijli to collect their bodies.Tell me the role of The Hijili Detention camp in science & Technology history of India.(Image follows)

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First IIT in India ,  IIT Kharagpur

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What is depicted?

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Project Loon is a research and development project being developed by Google with the mission of providing Internet access to rural and remote areas. The project uses high-altitude balloons placed in the stratosphere at an altitude of about 20 mi (32 km) to create an aerial wireless network with up to 3G-like speeds

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What does this picture indicates?

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DTMF (Dual-tone multi-frequency) tones are the sounds generated by touch tone phones. When a key on a phone keypad is pushed not one but two different frequencies are generated.

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X is an upcoming biographical film based on the life of renowned scientist.It  has been produced by the independent Indian production house Camphor Cinema..The cast consists of Indian and British film, stage and screen personalities. It marks the film debut of Abhinay Vaddi, the grandson of veteran Tamil film actor Gemini Ganesan, as the main protagonist. The first two schedules were shot in India while the third was done in England, where they took the permission of Cambridge University to shoot.X?

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"There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom" was a lecture given by physicist Richard Feynman at an American Physical Society meeting at Caltech on December 29, 1959. Feynman concluded his talk with two challenges. 1)  construction of a tiny motor 2) the entire Encyclopedia Britannica on the head of a pin This lecture is considered as the starting point of an entirely new branch in material science. Which branch?

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Inspired what? “A is a reduced scale Q, as the real chap was very tall. He had an interminable neck that sprouted from a collar that was much too large... I made A a mini-Q, otherwise I would have had to enlarge the frames of the cartoon strip."

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Auguste Antoine Piccard inspired  Professor calculus in The Adventures of Tintin

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Using a scanning tunneling microscope,Carbon monoxide molecules were manipulated into place on a copper substrate with a copper needle at a distance of 1 nanometer.They remain in place, forming a bond with the substrate because of the extremely low temperature of 5 K (?268.15 °C, ?450.67 °F) at which the device operates.[ The oxygen component of each molecule shows up as a dot when photographed by the scanning tunneling microscope, allowing the creation of images composed of many such dots. created 242 still images with 65 carbon monoxide molecules.  Each frame measures 45 by 25nanometers. It took four researchers two weeks of 18-hour days to complete the task. What was the output of this

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a-boy-and-his-atom.mp4

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X is a disorienting neurological condition that affects human perception. Sufferers may experience micropsia, macropsia, or size distortion of other sensory modalities. A temporary condition, it is often associated with migraines, brain tumors, and the use of psychoactive drugs. The symptoms of X are fairly common in childhood,Xcan be caused by abnormal amounts of electrical activity causing abnormal blood flow in the parts of the brain that process visual perception and texture.X got the name from a famous literary work by Y.According to John todd Y was was a well-known migraine sufferer with similar symptoms.Id X,Y

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X- Alice in Wonderland syndrome Y- Lewis Carroll

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Bombay blood group/Hh antigen system

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Kalinga award

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Kind of disease named after a logo 12/3/2014 75

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Michelin Baby Syndrome 12/3/2014 76

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Which famous problem is connected to this image (Shows the map of a city in prussia (Now Kaliningrad, Russia) highliting  Pregel River

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bridges of konigsberg Problem The problem was to find a walk through the city that would cross each bridge once and only once. The islands could not be reached by any route other than the bridges, and every bridge must have been crossed completely every time; one could not walk halfway onto the bridge and then turn around and later cross the other half from the other side. The walk need not start and end at the same spot.

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Article from seattle times: British researchers provide some stomach-churning data: ______ harbor 18 times more bacteria than a flush handle in a typical men's restroom. According to Julian's study, published online in July by the Journal of Applied Microbiology, the risks of transmitting pathogens from ________to a person's skin are relatively high. The chance of transmitting a disease is found to be about 30%.In order to prevent this companies are trying to develop anti microbial ______.Probably microsoft developed worlds first self cleaning anti microbial _____

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Touch screen

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(1) 2 NaN3 > 2 Na + 3 N2 (g) (2) 10 Na + 2 KNO3 > K2O + 5 Na2O + N2 (g) (3) K2O + Na2O + 2 SiO2 > K2O3Si + Na2O3Si The first reaction is the decomposition of NaN3 under high temperature conditions using an electric impulse. This impulse generates to 300 °C temperatures required for the decomposition of the NaN3 which produces Na metal and N2 gas. Since Na metal is highly reactive, the KNO3 and SiO2 react and remove it, in turn producing more N2 gas. The second reaction shows just that. The reason that KNO3 is used rather than something like NaNO3 is because it is less hygroscopic. It is very important that the materials used in this reaction are not hygroscopic because absorbed moisture can de-sensitize the system and cause the reaction to fail. The final reaction is used to eliminate the K2O and Na2O produced in the previous reactions because the first-period metal oxides are highly reactive. These products react with SiO2 to produce a silicate glass which is a harmless and stable compound.

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Deployment of airbag

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X has a career of more than three decades spanning across four continents.X has been recognised as one of the most authoritative voices in the area of tropical farming and dry-land agriculture.  X’s expertise has been heavily utilised by many institutions in India and all over the world. As a technical consultant, advisor and educationist, he has worked in Suriname, Brazil, Kuwait, Mozambique, Malawi, Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Angola, KSA, UAE, Liberia, UK and USA. X has published more than hundred and fifty research papers and 13 books so far. X is also a member of various national and international bodies that include New York Academy of Sciences, Indian Society of Plantation Crops, etc.  Currently he is on the editorial panel of international journals like Journal of Agro Meteorology, Kuwait Journal of science and Engineering, Asian Journal of Water, Environment and Pollution, etc.

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Dr. M. Abdul Salam

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ROUND IV THEME 100/-50 to 10/-0

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+100/-50

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+90/-45

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+80/-40

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+70/-35

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+60/-30

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+50/-25

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+40/-20

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+30/-15

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+20

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+10

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Golden Ratio

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