Women and the French Revolution
Under the Old Regime All men were not EQUAL
Much Less Women
Rousseau Emile (On Education) “Mother, do not make a decent man out of your daughter. Make a decent woman out of her.” (French Philosophe)
An Early Modern View of Women The True Woman, anonymous engraving, seventeenth century. Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale
HYSTERICAL Illustration from Anatomy & Physiology, Connexions Web site. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/
Okay… I’ll try it.
The Greek Version
Marie Antoinette Tragic Queen of France
LET THEM Some rights reserved by St0rmz
Some rights reserved by St0rmz Marie Antoinette became a symbol for the French monarchy’s extravagance in hard times.
L’Autrichienne The Austrian “woman”
Chienne A chienne nursing puppies Photo by Robin Taylor
L’Autrichienne GET IT??? #PUN
Women’s March on Versailles An angry mob of armed women demanded that the king and queen vacate Versailles and come with them to Paris. October 5, 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen “Woman has the right to mount the scaffold; she must equally have the right to mount the rostrum.” Olympe de Gouges View Document
BEHEADED (1793) Olympe de Gouges
The British Debate
Burke vs. Wollstonecraft
Edmund Burke Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)
Edmund Burke Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790) ANTI
Edmund Burke Conservatism Inherited Rights
Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790)
Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Man (1790) PRO
Mary Wollstonecraft Liberalism Natural Rights
That was fun...
Mary Wollstonecraft A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)
Even MORE fun!
Women’s Political Clubs
Charlotte Corday ASSASSINATED Jean-Paul Marat (a Jacobin fanatic) in 1793
I have killed one man to save a hundred thousand.
The Death of Marat Jacques-Louis David (1793)
A Jacobin Saint
An English Perspective Caricature of Corday's trial by James Gillray (1793)
The heroic Charlotte la Corde, upon her trial, at the bar of the revolutionary tribunal of Paris, July 17, 1793 For having rid the world of that monster of Atheism and Murder, the Regicide Marat, whom she stabbed in a bath, where he had retired on account of a Leprosy, with which Heaven had begun the punishment of his Crimes. "The noble enthusiasm with which this woman met the charge, & the elevated disdain with which she treated the self-created Tribunal, struck the whole assembly with terror & astonishment.
“Wretches – I did not expect to appear before you – I always thought that I should be delivered up to the outrage of the people, torn in pieces, and that my head, stuck on top of a pike, would have preceded Marat on his state bed, to serve as a rallying point to Frenchmen, if there still are any worthy of that name. -- But happen what will, if I have the honours of the guillotine, and my clay-cold remains are buried, they will soon have conferred upon them the honours of the Pantheon; and my memory will be more honored in France than that of Judith in Bethulia.”
Caravaggio, Judith Beheading Holofernes (1599) Judith
Revolutionary leaders of the day did not see Corday as a hero. Photo by E. C.
A man must have put her up to it... Photo by Gregory Tonon
NO Photo by Prayitno
Photo by Prayitno French authorities were disappointed to find no evidence that Corday had ever shared a bed with a man.
Photo by Capture Queen And afraid of the idea of women being able to do such things on their own.
REVISIONISM The French Reconsider
Corday as National Heroine Charlotte Corday by Paul Jacques Aime Baudry (1860)
Charlotte Corday by Paul Jacques Aime Baudry (1860) FANATIC Champion of reason Corday as National Heroine
Arturo Michelena, Charlotte Corday being conducted to her execution (1889) Ain’t no thang!
The French Revolution was not a feminist revolution
But it was a start
Women began the Revolution as Villains
And walked out of it asHEROES
The stage was set for the feminist movement. Photo by Max Wolfe