HACCP and Food Security James T Flynn – HACCP Now www.haccpnow.com
Food Fraud Exposed in 2013 Reputations and businesses damaged
Not Just Horsemeat Whole industry now awaiting developments
Interim recommendations published Enquiries and Reports
A New Vocabulary Food security Food defence Food fraud TACCP The food sector needs to get up to speed
A New Industry is Emerging Provenance authentication DNA testing Isotope testing Food fraud consultants TACCP experts Supplier audit services It comes at a cost
Stop: What about HACCP? Improve food safety Put responsibility on industry Reduce end testing Allow positive release Universally accepted Why didn’t HACCP prevent this?
Key HACCP Factors Reliance on ‘due diligence’ Supply chain ‘cascade’ Scope of application ‘Internal’ processes ‘Tick box’ culture Focus on paperwork Lack of evidence approach None of this is caused by the HACCP approach
Elliott on HACCP? Recc: 9. “Education and advice is required on the prevention and identification of food crimes. My reference is for advice to be given in a format already familiar to the food industry, such as that expressed in terms of critical control points for hygiene in a food safety management system (the HACCP approach).” This indicates an integrated approach
Food Fraud HACCP Scope Each level of supply chain Including Import agents Transport Storage Must cover entire supply chain Difficult to co-ordinate / monitor Sharing of information is key, few are willing
Typical Supply Chain: UK Beef Shorter supply chains are easier to manage Issues Assurance Welfare Transport Issues Assurance Licensing Storage Hygiene Contamination Labeling Issues Assurance, e.g. Red Tractor Husbandry GMO Provenance Transport Issues Assurance Licensing Welfare Carcass inspection Hygiene Contamination Labeling Quality Provenance Storage Hygiene Contamination Issues Farm Market Abattoir Cutting Restaurant
Horsemeat Supply Chain Issues Ethics Records Issues Assurance Storage Hygiene Contamination Labeling Issues Ethics Records Assurance Provenance Storage Hygiene Contamination Labeling Issues Issues Farm? Abattoir Cutting Trader Trader Process Retail Issues Assurance, e.g. Red Tractor Husbandry GMO Provenance Transport Assurance Welfare Transport Issues Assurance Licensing Welfare Carcass inspection Hygiene Contamination Labeling
A Hidden Supply Chain Source: The Guardian
The Food Fraud Iceberg Food fraud is pandemic Fish Cereals Alcohol Honey Olive Oil Packaging ...and so on.... Horse dressed as beef
What is the solution? Its a LONG list implemented at differing levels Elliott Report Detection Enforcement Intelligence Inter Agency Communications Transparency Training Testing HACCP Approach
FDF Five Point Plan A Sensible Approach Map Your Supply Chain Identify Impacts, Risks, Opportunities Assess and Prioritise Findings Create Action Plan Implement, Track ,Review, Communicate http://www.fdf.org.uk/
What Can We Do Now? Solutions must be practical, feasible and affordable Food fraud training Application of HACCP Visibility of assurance Whole chain traceability Building trusted supply chains Earned recognition
Food Fraud Training Generate awareness and embed best practice What is it? How to identify it How to control it Managing suppliers Risk monitoring
Application of HACCP HACCP is a transferable skill Supply Chain Risk Identification Scope of Hazards Where are the CCPs? How do you control them? How to ‘measure’ success?
Application of HACCP HACCP is a transferable skill It’s a Scope problem Start to end of chain Hazard types Control measures ‘Critical limits’ Monitoring Corrective Action
Terms of Reference HACCP is a transferable skill Scope: Entire supply chain Hazard Types: Species substitution, dilution, authenticity Intended use: Consumer consumption Team expertise: HACCP, supply chain knowledge, buyers Its a simple modification of HACCP thinking.
Process Flow HACCP is a transferable skill Process Flow – Supply Chain Map Shorter supply chains are easier to manage Issues Assurance Welfare Transport Issues Assurance Licensing Storage Hygiene Contamination Labeling Issues Assurance, e.g. Red Tractor Husbandry GMO Provenance Transport Issues Assurance Licensing Welfare Carcass inspection Hygiene Contamination Labeling Quality Provenance Storage Hygiene Contamination Issues Farm Market Abattoir Cutting Restaurant
‘Hazard Analysis’ HACCP is a transferable skill Hazard: Control Measure: CCP Status: Critical Limits: Monitoring: Corrective Action: Verification: Validation: Implementation: Species substitution Assured supplier status Subject to Risk Assessment <1% non bovine DNA Check supplier on order Use alternative supplier Random sampling, third party audit Review results, research controls Directors, buyers, food safety, quality
Visibility of Assurance Assurance standards need better food fraud focus Suppliers at all levels ‘Cascading assurance’ concept ‘Custody Chain’ approach Real time monitoring and alerts Requires: Inter-assurance scheme sharing Retailer demand Regulatory demand
Whole Chain Traceability The sector still largely operates in the dark ages on traceability Scope currently introspective Major gap in industry infrastructure Paper based Error prone Time consuming
Trusted Supply Chains Tools are available for most of this, more on the way Mapping the supply chain Supplier assessment Assurance visibility Ongoing monitoring Food fraud trends
Earned Recognition Trust begins with sharing information Urgently needed at industry level Regulatory Assurance Consumer Can help drive higher standards Unannounced audits / inspections Sharing of operational information
Investment in Supported Enforcement Local authorities have massive potential to help the sector improve Resources – paid inspections? Experienced Professionals Focused expertise Service ethos – paid?
What We Don’t Need Responsible businesses don't want the additional cost Massive End Product Testing More Regulation More Audits & Inspections More Paperwork
Summary The sector does not need to wait The information exists The techniques exist Tools are available Assurance is available What’s required is Application Effort Diligence EXECUTIVESUMMARY
Resources Thank you PAS 96:2010: www.cpni.gov.uk Food Fraud database: www.foodfraud.org RASSF Portal: webgate.ec.europa.eu Red Tractor Tracking: assurance.redtractor.org.uk BRC Tracking: brcdirectory.com SALSA Tracking: salsafood.co.uk HACCP Software: www.haccpnow.com Contact details: [email protected] Tel: 07527 255012